What can we see in web4 that we’re lacking in web3?

by Cryptospacey

The next is a visitor put up from Anndy Lian.

The extra I communicate and advise on crypto and blockchain issues, the extra I feel there’s a hole between what decentralization is and actuality. I don’t doubt the feasibility of decentralization; I’m simply unsure if the present model of Web3 is decentralized sufficient. Perhaps we’re what everyone seems to be saying, “we’re merely in Internet 2.5.”

Let’s start.


WWW stands for World Extensive Internet. It’s a system of interconnected paperwork and different sources linked by hyperlinks and URLs. The World Extensive Internet is a method to entry data over the web; it’s not the web itself.

It was created by Sir Tim Berners-Lee in 1989 whereas working at CERN (the European Group for Nuclear Analysis) in Switzerland. The World Extensive Internet is constructed on the web, permitting customers to entry and share data by way of numerous platforms, resembling net browsers, cell apps, and different software program.

It’s primarily based on HTTP (Hypertext Switch Protocol) and HTML (Hypertext Markup Language), which permits for creating paperwork containing textual content, pictures, movies, and different multimedia content material. The World Extensive Internet is continually evolving, and new applied sciences are being developed to enhance consumer expertise, safety, and accessibility.


Internet 1.0 refers back to the first technology of the World Extensive Internet, primarily centered on offering static, read-only content material to customers. This section of the online started within the Nineties and lasted till across the early 2000s.

Internet 1.0 web sites had been sometimes easy, text-based pages with restricted graphics and few interactive options. People or organizations created and maintained them and had been primarily used for sharing data, resembling private profiles, information articles, and analysis papers. Navigation was typically restricted to easy textual content hyperlinks, and no serps may assist customers discover the data they wanted.

Internet 1.0 was characterised by its lack of interactivity and user-generated content material. Customers had been primarily passive data shoppers and couldn’t work together with the online pages, go away feedback, submit types, add recordsdata, and so forth.

Internet 1.0 was additionally restricted by way of accessibility, as many customers had been nonetheless utilizing gradual web connections and older browsers that would not deal with extra superior net applied sciences. Consequently, net pages had been typically easy and restricted in design.

In abstract, Internet 1.0 was the primary section of the World Extensive Internet. It was a time when the web was nonetheless younger, and the online was primarily used to share data, however with restricted interactivity and user-generated content material.


Internet 2.0 refers back to the second technology of the World Extensive Internet, which emerged within the early 2000s. It’s characterised by the emergence of user-generated content material, social media, and the power for customers to work together and collaborate on-line.

Internet 2.0 applied sciences embody social networking websites, blogs, wikis, and video-sharing websites, which permit customers to create and share their content material, reasonably than merely consuming content material created by others. These applied sciences additionally enable for larger collaboration and communication amongst customers, elevated accessibility, and the power to share and entry data from numerous units.

Internet 2.0 websites are extra dynamic and interactive than their Internet 1.0 counterparts. They embody options resembling feedback, rankings, and the power to share and promote content material throughout a number of platforms. In addition they use superior applied sciences resembling AJAX, which permits for extra responsive and interactive interfaces, and wealthy media, resembling movies and pictures.

Internet 2.0 additionally introduced the idea of “crowdsourcing,” which was the thought of leveraging the collective data of the web to create and enhance content material.

In abstract, Internet 2.0 is the second technology of the World Extensive Internet, it emerged within the early 2000s, and it’s characterised by the emergence of user-generated content material, social media and the power for customers to work together and collaborate on-line. Internet 2.0 websites are extra dynamic, interactive, and collaborative than their Internet 1.0 counterparts.


Web3, often known as Internet 3.0, is the subsequent evolution of the World Extensive Internet, characterised by means of decentralized applied sciences, resembling blockchain and sensible contracts, to allow new types of on-line interplay and commerce.

In contrast to the present net, which is primarily managed by centralized entities resembling companies and governments, the imaginative and prescient for web3 is to create a decentralized, open, and clear community the place customers have extra management over their information and on-line interactions. This contains utilizing decentralized apps (dApps) and interacting with decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms, amongst different issues.


Web4 is just not a broadly used time period nor a consensus definition, so it could consult with various things relying on the context. Nevertheless, some individuals use the time period “Web4” to consult with the subsequent technology of the World Extensive Internet, which might be much more decentralized and extra centered on synthetic intelligence, the semantic net, and the web of issues, amongst different issues.

It might be characterised by extra dynamic, autonomous, and interconnected methods that may be taught from information, talk with one another and adapt to altering environments. This might enable for extra dynamic and adaptable methods that may be taught from information and enhance over time.

Among the benefits of a extra decentralized net embody the next:

  1. Higher safety and privateness, as customers have extra management over their information and on-line interactions
  2. Extra open and clear methods, as there is no such thing as a central level of management or failure
  3. Higher resilience and robustness, because the community can proceed to perform even when elements of it fail
  4. Extra innovation and competitors, as there are fewer limitations to entry for brand spanking new gamers

Web4 is seen as the subsequent evolution of the World Extensive Internet, constructing upon the decentralized applied sciences of Web3. In Web4, the consumer expertise is streamlined and frictionless, with the underlying technical particulars abstracted away. Because of this customers received’t want to fret in regards to the particular blockchain getting used, the intricacies of ZK-Rollups, or setting the proper fuel restrict for transactions. The fuel wars and transaction charges of the present web3 might be a factor of the previous.

Furthermore, Web4 has the potential to create a round crypto-economy that transcends bodily and digital boundaries, making the necessity for fiat on and off ramps out of date. This might be a major disruption within the present monetary system.

There are different interpretations of what Web4 might be, such because the “symbiotic net,” which refers to a symbiotic relationship between people and machines, presumably even using direct brain-machine interfaces.

Total, the transition from Web1 to Web2, and now from Web3 to Web4, is analogous in that it’s a gradual course of that opens new doorways and invitations extra individuals to take part. Whereas Web3 remains to be in its early phases and regarded experimental, Web4 is predicted to be extra accessible and user-friendly, making it extra broadly adopted by most people.

The place are the alternatives?

Internet 4.0 presents a wealth of prospects for firms and people. The symbiotic net will create extra personalised experiences, permitting companies to know their clients higher and supply tailor-made content material.

AI-powered automation will enhance effectivity, velocity up time to market, and decrease prices, giving companies a aggressive edge and higher customer support.

The mixture of {hardware}, software program, and information will allow the event of latest services and products, resembling linked units interacting with customers and gathering information for personalization.

Internet 4.0 additionally creates new income streams utilizing information collected, like focused promoting or subscription providers.

Moreover, VR and AR purposes will enable for brand spanking new methods for companies to interact with clients, for instance, creating an AR utility that enables clients to work together with merchandise in a 3D area.

I’ll elaborate on this additional under.

In abstract, what do I see in Web4?

1) Business 4.0 full automation

Business 4.0 full automation makes use of superior applied sciences resembling IoT, AI, robotics, and digital twins to automate industrial processes absolutely. This ends in elevated effectivity, lowered prices, and improved product high quality, resulting in a totally autonomous and linked sensible manufacturing facility. The idea of Business 4.0 is targeted on making a extremely automated and digitized manufacturing atmosphere. To be absolutely autonomous, web4 provides a layer of belief.

2) Decentralised sustainable metaverse + AR + VR

Combining a decentralized sustainable metaverse, AR, VR, and Web4 applied sciences creates a brand new dimension of the web the place customers can expertise a totally immersive and interactive digital world. The decentralized facet ensures that customers have management over their information, and the digital world operates sustainably.

AR and VR applied sciences improve the expertise by permitting customers to work together with the digital world extra realistically and engagingly. Web4, often known as the Semantic Internet, offers a decentralized and clever net infrastructure, enabling the metaverse to perform seamlessly and intelligently. Collectively, these applied sciences create a brand new and thrilling digital expertise accessible to many customers.

3) AI making steps into the decentralized realm

AI is making steps into the decentralized realm with Web4 by enabling the creation of decentralized AI methods that function on a peer-to-peer community. This mix of AI and Web4 expertise permits for the creation of decentralized and autonomous methods that may carry out complicated duties with out a government.

4) Actual decentralized apps and economies

This permits for creation of latest enterprise fashions and financial alternatives the place transactions are safe, clear, and tamper-proof. With Web4, dApps could be constructed and deployed on a decentralized community, offering customers with larger management over their information and the power to work together with the dApp in a safe and decentralized method. This integration of Web4 within the decentralized app and financial system improvement has the potential to create new and thrilling alternatives for companies and shoppers alike.

5) Actual energy again to the customers

This was briefly talked about above. Web4 expertise goals to offer actual energy again to customers by making a decentralized and safe community the place customers have management over their information. With Web4, purposes could be constructed and deployed on a decentralized community, permitting customers to work together with the applying in a safe and decentralized method. This eliminates the necessity for a government, giving customers larger management and autonomy over their information and interactions.

Moreover, the decentralized facet of Web4 enhances the safety and privateness of consumer information, lowering the chance of information breaches and offering customers with larger management over their private data. By giving energy again to customers, Web4 has the potential to revolutionize the way in which we work together with expertise and the web.

Web5 and Jack

In 2022, Jack Dorsey, the previous CEO of Twitter, emerged as a number one determine within the improvement of Web5. He shared his imaginative and prescient for the subsequent technology of the web on the Consensus crypto and blockchain convention. Dorsey’s workforce at TBD, the Bitcoin-focused division of his fintech firm Block (previously often known as Sq.), helps him on this endeavor.

In accordance with Dorsey, Web5 is an answer to his points with Web3, notably his perception that it’s going to by no means absolutely obtain decentralization.

“You don’t personal ‘Web3.’ The [venture capitalists] and their [limited partners] do,” Dorsey mentioned in a tweet, referring to the billions being poured into Web3. “It should by no means escape their incentives. It’s finally a centralized entity with a distinct label.”

“Know what you’re moving into,” he warned.

I do agree with Jack on this. The present practitioners typically say that we’re nonetheless in web2.5 is similar. It isn’t as a result of we aren’t prepared. We didn’t begin this complete web3 period in the fitting foot and with the fitting decentralization mannequin.

Ending word

Sure, it’s necessary to notice that true decentralization is a core precept of a decentralized financial system. Because of this no central authority or middleman is controlling or managing the community or its transactions. I’ve repeated this many instances in my article. As an alternative, energy and management is distributed among the many community’s members, and selections are made by way of consensus mechanisms resembling voting or proof of labor.

Decentralization ensures that the community is proof against censorship, fraud, and different malicious actions and that its customers have full management over their belongings. Whereas that is nonetheless in an ideation stage and albeit considerably idealistic, maybe Web4 is the prospect for us to redefine decentralization, reform and enhance decentralization, and revalue the true that means behind decentralization. I’ll communicate on the TMRW Convention in Dubai from 8-10 February 2023 on Web4. I hope to take this opportunity to talk to all of the tech consultants on the venue too.

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